Off-memory json for large data that does not fit the memory.

Download .zip Download .tar.gz View on GitHub


To install, simply run

python setup.py install

Getting started

To create a db:

import jsondb

# Create from an empty dict (the default)
db = jsondb.create({})

# Or a list / tuple
db = jsondb.create([])

to create from an existing JSON file:

db = jsondb.from_file(json_file_path)
# file-like objects are accepted as well
db = jsondb.from_file(open(json_file_path, 'rb'))

Now add some data to the db and access them:

db['name'] = 'foo'
assert db['name'] == 'foo'

db['items'] = []
for i in range(3):
        'id' : i,
        'name': chr(97 + i),

assert db['items'][0]['id'] == 0
assert len(db['items']) == 3

assert db.get('nonexists', 'notfound') == 'notfound'

It works like an ordinary dict / list, but to get its value, use the data() method:

# => 'foo'
print db['name'].data() 

# Get the data
assert db.data() == {
    'name' : 'foo',
    'items': [
        {'id' : 0, 'name' : 'a'},
        {'id' : 1, 'name' : 'b'},
        {'id' : 2, 'name' : 'c'},


jsondb also supports complex queries, in a syntax based on JSONPath, which is described here: http://goessner.net/articles/JsonPath/

db.query returns a QueryResult object which is iterable.

results = db.query('$.items.name')

# Iterating the query result
#   => "a b c"
for x in results:
    print x.data(),

To fetch all the value of the result,

# => ['a', 'b', 'c']
print rslt.values()

To fetch only one value,

# fetch one result
assert db.query('$.name').getone() == 'foo'
# => 'foo'

Example of more complex queries:

# Conditonal query
#   => 'b'
print db.query('$.items[?(@.id = 1)].name').getone().data()

# slicing
# => ['a', 'b']
print db.query('$.items[:-1].name').values()


All the data is stored on the disk. In the current implementation, data is saved as a sqlite database, but supports for other DBMS are on the table.

both of create and from_file accept a url parameter, indicating where to store the data:

db = jsondb.create({}, url='path/to/filename.db')
# which is equal to 
db = jsondb.create({}, url='sqlite3://path/to/filename.db')

When not specified, a temporary file will be created in /tmp by default.

To make sure all the changes made to db being saved to the file,


And when not needed anymore, remember to close it:


Or use context manager:

with jsondb.create(url='path/to/filename.db') as db:
    # do all the work here

To load an existing jsondb file later,

db = jsondb.load('path/to/filename.db')


Released under the BSD license.